Courses Restricted to
Federally Certified PDD Personnel


Additional prerequisites may be listed in the course descriptions.

Course Listing and the Continuing Education Hours (CEH)

Advanced Operational Source Testing (CE 822) (40 CEH)
Countermeasures (CE 839) (40 CEH)
Countermeasures II (CE 847) (minimum of 4 CEH)
Federal Interagency Polygraph Seminar (CE 845) (36-40 CEH)
Psychology of a Spy (CE 842) (40 CEH)

Course Descriptions


Although originally designed specifically to enhance the abilities of the intelligence and counterintelligence examiners who were being assigned to PDD duties in support of human intelligence and offensive counterintelligence operations, this course has now broadened to provide topics of interest to the Federal law enforcement PDD examiner. The course includes background information on operational terminology, briefings on the operational structure and function of various intelligence agencies within the Federal government. Also included are instructional segments concerning legal issues, use of interpreters, foreign intelligence service recruitment operations and domestic and international terrorism. Instruction will also be offered in the areas of foreign use of polygraph and an expanded block of instruction on the use of polygraph in source and informant testing. Lastly, the course will address cultural considerations in the PDD testing process.



This 40-hour course prepares the PDD examiner to deter and detect employment of polygraph countermeasures in criminal and intelligence testing environments. The course presents background information for a foundation in concepts, theories, and research data related to polygraph countermeasures. Laboratory exercises are included to enhance skills and provide hands-on experience. Detailed discussion of numerous case studies involving examples of confirmed countermeasures. Law enforcement and intelligence PDD examinations are used to demonstrate methods of detecting and defeating this threat. Information provided includes discussion of threats posed by foreign intelligence services, terrorist organizations, and other criminal elements attempting to defeat law enforcement and intelligence PDD examinations. This course is intended as the primary polygraph countermeasures course for criminal and security screening PDD examiners or as a periodic refresher course for examiners supporting intelligence operations. The course included daily directed reading assignments followed by classroom discussions and quizzes.


COUNTERMEASURES II (CE 847) (minimum of 4 CEH)

This course is presented as a mandatory biennial refresher of contemporary polygraph countermeasure issues. It is intended to expose the field PDD examiner, quality control and other supervisory personnel to current countermeasures issues and cases of interest being reported throughout the federal government, countermeasures detection policies and practices, current countermeasures curriculum, and related research.

This course may be offered in virtually any environment suitable for presentations at the SECRET level. It may be offered as a stand alone course or as a block of instruction within another course or agency in-service training. The only limitation is that to be credited under the heading of CMII, it must be comprised of a minimum of four hours of instruction. This instruction meets the requirement stated in C18.4 of Chapter 18 of the Federal Examiners Handbook.



For 28 years, this seminar has provided Federal polygraph examiners with continuing education in a wide variety of disciplines related to the detection of deception. Subject matter covered during this seminar is a balance of information relevant to both criminal investigators and counterintelligence examiners. This includes updates on the latest developments in polygraph theory and research. This seminar is normally held in the month of June and in proximity of Washington, D.C. Attendance at future seminars will result in the awarding of 36 to 40 continuing education hours.



This course is aimed at giving the PDD examiner, particularly those from the intelligence community, new and valuable insight into the psychological behaviors and motivations of those who turn to espionage. Much of the information has been obtained through work in Project Slammer, the case studies of convicted and incarcerated spies. Students will specifically be afforded instruction in threat analysis, identifying and classifying risk factors associated with spies, and an in-depth review of the research associated with this topic. In addition, students will learn how to recognize some of the personality traits of the potential spy and be briefed on the perspective of foreign intelligence services and their spies. Further, students will receive instruction and assistance in understanding the types of material that spies are attracted to and how they go about obtaining it.

Prerequisite: The student must be a Federal PDD examiner, or a specifically designated Federal employee or contractor and possess a TOP SECRET SCI clearance. Written verification of security clearance must be submitted to the course manager a minimum of two weeks prior to the course starting date.



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